Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood glucose either due to insufficient insulin production or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin. Diabetes is bifurcated into three types:
Type 1 diabetes:
It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces either some or no insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is a serious, lifelong condition where your blood glucose level is too high because your body is unable to produce the insulin hormone. It is characterized by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency.
Type 2 diabetes:
It is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, which may be due to relatively reduced insulin secretion. It is a serious condition where the insulin your pancreas produces can’t work properly, or your pancreas can’t make enough insulin.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects pregnant women, usually during the second or third trimester. Women with gestational diabetes don’t have diabetes either before their pregnancy, or after that, it is generally for a short term period.
Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed through a blood test at 24–28 weeks into pregnancy. But if proper care is not taken, it might continue even after the pregnancy period is over.
Watch This Video To Understand Other Complications of Diabetes
Statistics of diabetes prevailing Worldwide
When it comes to the Statistics of diabetes, then alarming facts come forth. In India, the population is 29.1 million which is second highest after China. According to WHO estimates, the total global diabetic population in the year 2000 stood at 171,000,000 which is estimated to rise to an alarming number- 366,000,000.
And when we talk about India, an estimated 31,705,000 diabetics exist in the millennium year which is expected to grow by over 100% to 79,441,000 by 2030. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the estimates depict that diabetes prevalence has doubled and has grown by over 100% in the past 15 years. Certain cautions can help in preventing diabetic patients increasing in number.
Can we expect a permanent cure for Diabetes in the near Future? Watch this Video
Why people with having Diabetes are more vulnerable to Diabetes Gum Disease?
People have more small bacteria living in their mouths. And if they rise in number in gums, they lead to diabetes gum disease. This Chronic disease can destroy gums, tissues holding teeth and even bones.
Now, this problem is more common in people having diabetes. It affects around nearly 22% of those diagnosed. With growing age, blood sugar control becomes difficult which increases the risk of gum problems. And with infections, serious diabetes gum disease can even cause blood sugar to rise. This makes diabetes difficult to control as one gets more vulnerable to infections and is less able to fight the bacteria invading the gums.
How can diabetes affect the mouth?
If diabetes is left untreated, then it can adversely affect the mouth.
There is a possibility of the creation of less saliva which causes the mouth to dry. Saliva protects teeth. There is also a possibility of bleeding gums. Also, one can experience delayed wound healing leading to infections inside the mouth.
Symptoms of Diabetes Gum Disease and Diabetes Dental Problems.
The most common dental problem that affects people with diabetes is Periodontal disease People suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk for diabetes gum diseases because of lack of blood sugar control. Serious diabetes gum diseases may aggravate the problem of diabetes.
Here are the well-known symptoms of Diabetes Gum Disease and Dental Problems:
- Red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth.
- Long-lasting infection between the teeth and gums.
- Breath that doesn’t go away.
- Permanent teeth are loose or moving away from one another.
Many kinds of bacteria increase on sugars which include glucose — the sugar linked to diabetes. When diabetes is poorly controlled, high glucose levels in mouth fluids may help germs to grow and set the stage for gum disease.
Here is How Your Dentist Can Help You?
A regular dental checkup is important. It helps to get prevention of occurrence of dental problems at an early stage.
Treating gum disease helps to improve blood sugar control in patients living with diabetes which helps in controlling the progression of this disease. Also, good oral hygiene is important and also professional cleaning by is done by a dentist’s help.
Tips for Healthy Mouth
- Oral health i.e. brushing and rinsing need to be done. Say good-bye to cigarettes.
- Sugar is the main culprit in tooth decay. It increases bacteria and acidity in mouth which leads to the formation of plaque. This eats away the enamels and gums.
- Right toothbrush. A brush with soft bristles should be used. This brush used with the right technique should last out for two to three months.
- Practice proper technique. Hold the brush at a 45-degree angle, which points towards the gum line. Then use gentle, short, circular motions. Brush each tooth 10 to 15 times
Diabetes Dental Health Action Plan
First, control blood sugar levels. Use a healthy diet and exercise to help for controlling diabetes. The right amount of blood sugar helps to fight bacterial or fungal infections in the mouth helping to provide relief to dry mouth caused by diabetes.
- Avoid smoking.
- Clean denture every day.
- Brush teeth twice a day.
- Also, see the dentist for regular checkups.
In a recent study; it is found that The Average Lifetime Cost of Treating Diabetes Complications by an Individual runs up to about ₹ 50,00,000.
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