Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood glucose either due to insufficient insulin production or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin. The diabetes are bifurcated into two types:
Type 1 diabetes:- It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces either some or no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes:- It is a chronic condition which affects the way the body processes blood sugar
Statistics of diabetes prevailing Worldwide
When it comes to the Statistics of diabetes, then alarming facts come forth. In India, the population is 29.1 million which is second highest after China.
According to WHO estimates, the total global diabetic population in the year 2000 stood at 171,000,000 which is estimated to rise to an alarming number- 366,000,000.
And when we talk about India, an estimated 31,705,000 diabetics exists in the millennium year which is expected to grow by over 100% to 79,441,000 by 2030. According to the International Diabetes Federation the estimates depict that diabetes prevalence has doubled and has grown by over 100% in the past 15 years. Certain cautions can help in preventing the diabetic patients increasing in number.
Why people with having Diabetes are more vulnerable to Diabetes Gum Disease?
People have more small bacteria living in their mouth. And if they rise in number in gums, they lead to diabetes gum disease. This Chronic disease can destroy gums, tissues holding teeth and even bones.
Now, this problem is more common in the people having diabetes. It affects around nearly 22% of those diagnosed. With growing age, blood sugar control becomes difficult which increases risk of gum problems. And with infections, serious diabetes gum disease can even cause blood sugar to rise. This makes diabetes difficult to control as one gets more vulnerable to infections and is less able to fight the bacteria invading the gums.
How can diabetes affect mouth?
If diabetes is left untreated, then it can adversely affect mouth.
There is possibility of creation of less saliva which causes the mouth to dry. Saliva protects teeth,
There is also possibility of bleeding gums. Also one can experience delayed wound healing leading to infections inside mouth.
Symptoms of Diabetes Gum Disease and Diabetes Dental Problems.
The most common dental problems that affects people with diabetes is Periodontal disease People suffering from diabetes are at a higher risk for diabetes gum diseases because of lack of blood sugar control. Serious diabetes gum diseases may aggravate the problem of diabetes.
Here are the well known symptoms of Diabetes Gum Disease and Dental Problems:
- Red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth.
- Long-lasting infection between the teeth and gums.
- Breath that doesn’t go away.
- Permanent teeth those are loose or moving away from one another.
Many kinds of bacteria increase on sugars which includes glucose — the sugar linked to diabetes. When diabetes is poorly controlled, high glucose levels in mouth fluids may help germs to grow and set the stage for gum disease.
Here is How Your Dentist Can Help You?
Regular dental checkup is important. It helps to get prevention of occurrence of dental problems at an early stage.
Treating gum disease helps to improve blood sugar control in patients living with diabetes which helps in controlling the progression of this disease. Also good oral hygiene is important and also professional cleaning by is done by dentist help
Diabetes Dental Health Action Plan
First control blood sugar levels. Use healthy diet and exercise to help for controlling diabetes. Right amount of blood sugar helps to fight bacterial or fungal infections in mouth helping to provide relieve to dry mouth caused by diabetes.
- Avoid smoking.
- Clean denture every day.
- Brush teeth twice a day.
- Also see dentist for regular checkups.
Tips for Healthy Mouth
- Oral health i.e. brushing and rinsing needs to be done. Say good-bye to cigarettes.
- Sugar is a main culprit in tooth decay. It increases bacteria and acidity in mouth which leads to formation of plaque. This eats away the enamels and gums.
- Right toothbrush. A brush with soft bristles should be used. This brush used with the right technique should last out for two to three months.
- Practice proper technique. Hold the brush at a 45-degree angle, which point towards the gum line. Then use gentle, short, circular motions. Brush each tooth 10 to 15 times
In a recent study; it is found that The Average Lifetime Cost of Treating Diabetes Complications runs up to about ₹ 50,00,000…
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